A Guide to the Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia, undated, 1931-2001

A Guide to the Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia

Summary Information

Title
A Guide to the Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia
Creator
Poras, Joseph.
Inclusive Dates
undated, 1931-2001
Extent
23.0 Linear feet
Abstract
Materials from the American Vietnam War era, including American and Vietnamese propaganda, posters from the pro-war and anti-war movements, as well as artifacts from American soldiers who served in the war. 
Call Number
2007.0124
Language
English
Finding Aid Prepared By
Finding aid prepared by Meghan Killoran. (June 2008)
Repository
University of Connecticut Libraries 405 Babbidge Road Unit 1205 Storrs, Connecticut, 06269-1205 860.486.2524 archives@uconn.edu

Preferred Citation

[Item description, #:#], Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia Papers.  Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center,  University of Connecticut Libraries.

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Access and Use

Acquisition Information

The collection was donated to Archives & Special Collections by Joseph and Linda Poras in November 2007.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open and available for research.

Preferred Citation

[Item description, #:#], Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia Papers.  Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center,  University of Connecticut Libraries.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Artifacts.
  • Buttons.
  • Clippings.
  • Comic Books.
  • Maps.
  • Pamphlets.
  • Photographs.
  • Postcards.
  • Posters.
  • Publications.
  • Stamps.
  • Video Recordings.

Subject(s)

  • Anti-War Propaganda.
  • Vietnam War.
  • War Propoganda.
  • War Protests.

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History

The American military involvement in Vietnam, commonly referred to in the  United States as the Vietnam War, was an attempt to prevent the spread of Communism in Southeast  Asia and to support the South Vietnamese government’s opposition to the  National Liberation Front and the Communist-allied North.  North Vietnam received military and financial support from Communist allies  China and the  Soviet Union; the anti-communist  South Vietnam received military and financial support from the  United States. 

Initially, there was public support for American involvement in Vietnam, with one poll suggesting an 80% approval rating for the war in February 1965. The number of troops deployed to  Vietnam escalated in 1965, and by April 1965, one thousand tons of bombs had been dropped by Americans and South Vietnamese on the  Viet Cong in the north. By July 1965, the number of draft calls from the  United States was doubled to 35,000 new soldiers drafted each month, and in August of the same year, United States President  Lyndon B. Johnson signed a law criminalizing the burning of a draft card. As the number of troops (and casualties) in  Vietnam increased, anti-war demonstrations become more prevalent, occurring both in American cities as well as internationally. In October 1965, 25,000 Americans marched on  Washington, D.C. in support of US intervention in  Vietnam. The following month, 35,000 anti-war protestors circle the White House. By April 1967, anti-war protests in New York involved over 200,000 people. Meanwhile, public opinion about the war was still divided, with 70,000 people in New York marching in support of the war the following month.

A turning point in the war occurred on January 31, 1968, as 84,000 Viet Cong guerrillas aided by NVA troops launched the Tet Offensive, attacking a hundred cities and towns throughout  South Vietnam. American TV news crews in  Vietnam filmed the attack on the US embassy in Saigon, as well as the bloody battle scenes showing American soldiers under fire, along with dead bodies and images of soldiers dying. The graphic footage was shown on the nightly news in the  United States, as had never previously been seen before, and heightened the American public’s disapproval of the war.

Anti-war protests in the United States escalated during this time. On April 23, 1968, anti-war protestors at  Columbia University seized 5 buildings. Over 200,000 students in  New York City refused to go to class on April 27. By August 1968, there had been 221 student protests at 101 US colleges and universities in that year alone. The "Mobilization" peace demonstration on November 15, 1969, drew approximately 250,000 people, making it at the time the largest anti-war protest in American history.

On April 30, 1970, President Nixon announced that American and South Vietnamese troops had entered Cambodia, sparking another wave of protest in the  United States against Nixon and the Vietnam War, particularly at colleges and universities in the days following the announcement. On May 4, 1970, National Guardsmen shot and killed four student protestors at  Kent State University in  Ohio, and injured an additional 9 others. In response to the killings, over 400 colleges and universities across the  United States shut down. Nearly 100,000 protesters surrounded various government buildings including the White House and historical monuments. By March 1970, half of Americans polled believe the war to be "morally wrong." Peace negotiations proceeded in Paris, but were not agreed upon until 1973.

The fighting continued for two more years after the United States left  Vietnam. Southern Vietnam was weakened not only in military forces but also economically without the  United States troops to support them. Eventually the  Viet Minh in  North Vietnam over took  South Vietnam, establishing a communist government.

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Scope and Content

The Poras Collection of Vietnam War Memorabilia consists of a wide range of materials from the Vietnam War era. Covering not only the many opinions of the United States during this time, the collection also includes materials from China, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Russia and  Vietnam.

The collection includes buttons, photographs, fliers, booklets, pamphlets, posters, comic books, publications, propaganda money, stamps, envelopes, metals, flags, t-shirts, Zippo lighters used by servicemen, political cartoons, leaflets, movies, audio recordings, maps, books, buttons, and stickers collected by Joseph and Linda Poras.

There are no personal papers in this collection.

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Related Materials

Separated Material

The following materials have been separated from the collection and cataloged:

Music from the Original Sound Track “Jud” (LP 1188)

Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam Martin Luther King Jr. (LP 1189)

Vietnam: With the American Fighting Man. (LP 1190)

Wish You Were Here, Buddy (LP 1191)

Joy to UC: Free Speech Carols (FF 55)

Seize the Time! Elaine Brown (LP 1185)

War and Memory in the Aftermath of Vietnam September 15/December 19, 1987: A Multi-Disciplinary Program of Visual Art, Commissioned Installations, Photography, Film, Video, Literature, Theater, Music and Public Discussions.

Vietnam Behind the Lines: Images from the War 1965 – 1975.

Decade of Protest: Political Posters From the United States, Viet Nam, Cuba 1965 – 1975

Confronting the War Machine: Draft Resistance During the Vietnam War.

Five Women I Love: Bob Hope’s Vietnam Story.

Blacks in America’s Wars: The Shift in Attitudes from the Revolutionary War to Vietnam

After Shock: Poems and Prose From the Vietnam War.

Dr. Spock on Vietnam

As Seen By Both Sides: American and Vietnamese Artists Look at the War.

The People of Vietnam will Triumph! The U.S. Aggressors Will Be Defeated! – A Collection of Chinese Art Works in Support of the Vietnamese People’s Struggle.

A Nation Builds Under Fire

Know Your Enemy – The Viet Cong

Loin Du Vietnam

Ready on Arrival: USS Independence in Vietnam

The Green Berets

To The Shores of Hell

Vietnam A Television History: The Roots of War

Vietnam: Chronicle of a War

Vietnam Home Movies: The True Story of Captain James “Bob” Powell and “The Gunslingers.”

Vietnam Volume 1: The Seeds of Conflict/America Takes Charge

Vietnam Volume 2: The Elusive Enemy/Courage Under Fire

Vietnam Volume 3: The World of Charlie Company/Fire From the Sky

Vietnam Volume 4: Dateline: Saigon/The TET Offensive

Vietnam Volume 5: America Pulls Back/The End of the Road

Vietnam Weapons of The Infantry: Official U.S. Army Training Film

Why Vietnam?

Woodstock: 3 Days of Peace and Music: The Director’s Cut. Vol. 1

Woodstock: 3 Days of Peace and Music: The Director’s Cut. Vol. 2

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Ephemera, 1931-1986 

BoxFolder

"Bullet Bags," Vietnamese, 1969 

1:1

Clippings, 1967-1971 

1:2

Comic Books, Chinese, 1972 

1:3

Comic Books, English, 1966-1986 

1:4

Correspondence, English, 1970 

1:5

Correspondence, Richard Nixon, 1970 

1:6

Envelopes, 1965-1973 

1:7

Fliers, 1954-1975 

1:8

Hunting License, Satirical, 1966 

1:9

Map of Vietnam Conflict, After 1966 

1:10

Medals Literature, 1954-1975 

1:11

Military Booklets, 1963-1969 

1:12

National Catalog, Joint U.S. Public Affairs Office, 1969 

2:13

Pamphlets, 1965-1973 

2:14

Photographs, 1954-1975 

2:15

Political Cartoons, Chinese, 1954-1975 

2:16

Political Cartoons, English, 1966-1970 

2:17

Postcards, 1965-1972 

2:18

Postcard, John Lenon and  Yoko Ono International Billboard Campaign,  Germany,, 1969 

2:19

Postcard, John Lenon and  Yoko Ono International Billboard Campaign,  Italy,, 1969 

2:20

Postcards, Russian, 1931, 1934, 1966-1967 

2:21

Posters, Chinese, 1965 

2:22
Box

Posters, United States Vietnam War Movies, 1967 

8:
BoxFolder

Posters, United States Military, 1954-1975 

2:23

Poster, Vietnamese, 1967 

2:24

POW*MIA Literature, 1954-1975 

2:25

Propaganda Cards, English, 1954-1975 

2:26

Propaganda Leaflets, Vietnamese, 1967-1968 

2:27

Propaganda Leaflet Information, English , 1954-1975 

2:28

Propaganda Banknotes, Vietnamese, undated 

2:29

Propaganda Playing Cards, Vietnamese, undated 

2:30

Propaganda Postcards, "VC/Mien Nam", undated 

2:31

Publications, English, 1962-1969 

2:32

Publications, German, 1966 

2:33

Scrapbook, US Press Coverage Demonstration, 1967 

2:34

Stamps, , 1954-1975 

2:35

Vietnam Summer Working Paper, 1967 

2:36

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Series II: Artifacts, undated, 1968-1975 

Box

Political Buttons, undated 

3:

Star of Khang Chien Medal, undated 

3:

Purple Heart Medal, undated 

3:

Bronze Star Medal for Meritorious Acheivement in Ground Operations Against Hostile Forces in South Vietnam, undated 

3:

Vietnam Service Medal, undated 

3:

POW*MIA Sticker undated 

3:

Vietname Vung Tau Zippo Lighter, undated 

3:

K.O.T. Pipe Lighter, undated 

3:

Vietnam My Tho Zippo Lighter undated 

3:

Pelanne Claude Zippo Lighter, undated 

3:

Cloth Map of Indochina, undated 

7:

North Vietnamese Victory Banner, undated 

3:

T-Shirt: "Visit Vietnam: Fun Capital of the World", undated 

3:

Series III: Publications and Articles on the Vietnam War, 1961-1972 

BoxFolder

LIFE, 1961 October 27 

4:37

LIFE, 1963 October 11 

4:38

LIFE, 1964 March 20 

4:39

LIFE, 1964 March 27 

4:40

LIFE, 1964 April 10 

4:41

LIFE, 1964 July 31 

4:42

LIFE, 1964 August 14 

4:43

LIFE, 1964 August 21 

4:44

LIFE, 1964 September 11 

4:45

LIFE, 1964 December 4 

4:46

LIFE, 1964 December 11 

4:47

LIFE, 1965 August 20 

4:48

LIFE, 1965 November 5 

4:49

LIFE, 1966 January 14 

4:50

LIFE, 1966 April 8 

4:51

LIFE, 1966 December 9 

5:52

LIFE, 1967 April 7 

5:53

LIFE, 1967 August 25 

5:74

LIFE, 1968 March 22 

5:55

LIFE, 1969 October 24 

5:56

LIFE, 1970 May 15 

5:57

LIFE, 1972 May 12 

5:58

LIFE, 1973 January 21 

5:59

National Geographic, 1968 December 

6:64

Paris Match, 1967 May 13 

5:61

Paris Match, 1967 December 2 

5:62

Der Spiegel, 1968 February 2 

6:65

Der Spiegel, 1969 Decemeber 1 

6:66

Der Spiegel, 1968 February 2 

6:67

Rolling Stone, 1970 April 2 

5:62

Rolling Stone, 1972 May 25 

5:63

Time, 1967 May 26 

6:68

Time, 1967 December 22 

6:69

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Series IV: Oversized Posters, undated, 1960-2001 

Folder

Shock Patrol, 1960 

P1

U.S. Army Recruiting Poster, 1960 

P2

American Imperialism Must Be Driven Out of Southern Vietnam, 1963 

P3

Scramble at Phan Rang, 1963 

P4

Commandos in Vietnam, 1964 

P5

Sin by Silence, 1964 

P6

Operation CIA, 1965 

P7

Civilization American Style, 1966 

P8

I Want You for the US Army, 1966 

P9

Determined to Protect Every Inch of the Fatherland, 1966 

P10

Postal Support for Troops, 1966 

P11

Protect Your Country and Your Work: Boasting Will Benefit the Enemy, 1966 

P12

This Loss is One for All Our People. This Victory is One for Mankind, 1966 

P13

Visit Vietnam, 1966 

P14

You Be Damned!, 1966 

P15

Alan Ginsburg, 1967 

P16

American Gothic, 1967 

P17

And They Will Never Be The Same, 1967 

P18

Avoid Drafts, 1967 

P19

Cry... Two Three the Number of Vietnams..., 1967 

P20

Confront the Warmakers, 1967 

P21

Demonstration Against the War in Vietnam, 1967 

P22

Draft Women First, 1967 

P23

Dragonship, undated 

P24

End Bad Breath, 1967 

P25

Exorcise the Pentagon, 1967 

P26

Far from Vietnam (Loin du Vietnam), 1967 

P27

Johnson's "Johnson", 1967 

P28

Join, 1967 

P29

Message for Hanoi, 1967 

P30

Napalm, 1967 

P31

Perimeter Guard, 1967 

P32

Quack, 1967 

P33

The Purple Realm, 1967 

P34

Victory for Vietnam, 1967 

P35

Vietnam Summer 1967, 1967 

P36

War is Not Healthy for Children and Other Living Things, 1967 

P37

2,000 Planes Shot Down, Vietnam Will Win, 1968 

P38

Air Force Flying Hospital, 1968 

P39

Air Support, 1968 

P40

Berrigan Brothers, 1968 

P41

Ceremony of Going to War, 1968 

P42

Checking the Weather? US Air Force Recruiting, 1968 

P43

Cut the Hands of Imperialism, 1968 

P44

Determined to Defeat American Sky Bandits, 1968 

P45

Dark Ages, 1968 

P46

East Germany: Solidarity With  Vietnam, 1968 

P47

Execution, 1968 

P48

Fighting to End War, 1968 

P49

Girls Say Yes, 1968 

P50

Green Berets Movie Poster, 1968 

P51

Hey Roll Me Under, 1968 

P52

Joan Baez, 1968 

P53

Join the Army, 1968 

P54

LBJ, 1968 

P55

Letter to Mom From Vietnam, 1968 

P56

Medic Captain Garcia and Mother Superior, 1968 

P57

National Lampoon Poster, 1968 

P58

Navy Recruit Poster, 1968 

P59

Peace, 1968 

P60

Put Your Money Where Your Boys Are, 1968 

P61

Ready to Take Off, 1968 

P62

Rudi Dutschke, 1968 

P63

Sentinal, 1968 

P64

Silent Majority, 1968 

P65

Special Forces Patrol, 1968 

P66

Stop, 1968 

P67

Suppose They Gave A War..., 1968 

P68

Thunderchief Crew, 1968 

P69

Time Out, 1968 

P70

Toronto, 1968 

P71

Uneasy Solitude, 1968 

P72

US Air Force Hospital Plane, 1968 

P73

VD, 1968 

P74

Vietnam, 1968 

P75

Vietnam at War, 1968 

P76

Vietnam Guerra e Pace, 1968 

P77

Vietnam Will Win, 1968 

P78

Week of Solidarity With Vietnam, 1968 

P79

Welcome to Local Board #48, 1968 

P80

Winning Hearts and Minds, 1968 

P81

Women in Limbo, 1968 

P82

Would You Die to Save This Face?, 1968 

P83

Would You Refuse an Old Man?, 1968 

P84

17e Parallele: Le Vietnam en Guerre, 1969 

P85

American Aggressors, 1969 

P86

Armored Personnel Carrier Patrol, 1969 

P87

Chicken Little, 1969 

P88

Federal Employees Moratorium, 1969 

P89

Fire Support at Plei Djering, 1969 

P90

Hail Hero!, 1969 

P91

I Want You, 1969 

P92

Instant Support, 1969 

P93

Invest Your Son, 1969 

P94

Jerry Rubin, 1969 

P95

March Against Death, 1969 

P96

March Against the War, 1969 

P97

Mend America, 1969 

P98

Mortar Attack, 1969 

P99

My Tho River, 1969 

P100

Nixon and Mai Lai Massacre, 1969 

P101

Nixon's On the Line, 1969 

P102

Oppose, 1969 

P103

Out Now, 1969 

P104

Pray for Peace, 1969 

P105

Reconnaissance, Long Binh, 1969 

P106

Solidarity With Laos, 1969 

P107

Solidarity With Vietnam, 1969 

P108

Someday?, 1969 

P109

Support Our Boys in Vietnam, 1969 

P110

Vietnam, 1969 

P111

Your Tax Dollars at Work, 1969 

P112

A Teach In, 1970 

P113

Black Protest Against the War, 1970 

P114

Cambridge Mass Referendum on Vietnam War, 1970 

P115

Dickie Mass College of Art Printing, 1970 

P116

Don't Worry I Will Help You, 1970 

P117

Down With Imperialism, 1970 

P118

Dove of Peace, 1970 

P119

Hanoi/Kent, 1970 

P120

Have a Heart, 1970 

P121

Ho Chi Mihn, 1970 

P122

Holy Dickies Prayer, 1970 

P123

Saigon Harbor, 1970 

P124

I've Kicked the Habit, 1970 

P125

Let's Have Peace in Vietnam, 1970 

P126

John Lennon, 1970 

P127

Mass College of Art Goya Poster, 1970 

P128

Mass College of Art Pharmacy Poster, 1970 

P129

No Christmas as Usual, 1970 

P130

Peace Finger, 1970 

P131

Peace Needs No Excuse, 1970 

P132

Peace Makers Boston, 1970 

P133

Protesting: Coca Cola Support of War, 1970 

P134

Psychedelic Peace, 1970 

P135

Quote from Hitler, 1970 

P136

Resist War, 1970 

P137

Saigon, 1970 

P138

Saigon Harbor, 1970 

P139

Sam's Finger, 1970 

P140

Stop the War, 1970 

P141

Stop the War Save Children, 1970 

P142

Support Indochina, 1970 

P143

The Draft Board Tells Us, 1970 

P144

The Silent Majority, 1970 

P145

The Vietnam War Continues 1970 

P146

The White Dove, 1970 

P147

To Vietnam and Back, 1970 

P148

Tribes, 1970 

P149

Vietnam, 1970 

P150

Vietnam Means Death to the Brothers, 1970 

P151

Vietnamization, 1970 

P152

War is Over, 1970 

P153

Withdrawal, 1970 

P154

Bell Heuys Supporting Vietnam Operations, 1971 

P155

Bring Our Brothers Home Now!, 1971 

P156

Dove, 1971 

P157

Getting Out, 1971 

P158

I'd Rather Be Red Than Dead, 1971 

P159

...Love it More, 1970 

P160

Lt. Calley, 1971 

P161

Moratorium, 1971 

P162

Nixon Tearing the Heart out of Indochina, 1971 

P163

Peace, 1971 

P164

Peace Swirl, 1971 

P165

Quick Reaction, 1971 

P166

Stop War, 1971 

P167

Thanksgiving, 1971 

P168

The Magician, 1971 

P169

The Trooper, 1971 

P170

Together With Vietnam, 1971 

P171

Vietnam the Victor 1971 

P172

9,279,295 Tons, 1972 

P173

Chained to Yesterday/Women in Limbo, 1972 

P174

Chico the Gun Fighter, 1972 

P175

Four More Years, 1972 

P176

Join the Army, 1972 

P177

Logistics, 1973 

P178

March Against the War, 1972 

P179

McGovern, 1972 

P180

McGovern for President, 1972 

P181

Old Soldiers Never Die They Just Fade Away, 1972 

P182

Peace In Paris, 1972 

P183

Peace With Honor, 1972 

P184

Ready to Perform Military Service and Protect the Fatherland, 1972 

P185

Sarge!, 1972 

P186

Supporting the Troops, 1972 

P187

The Visitors, 1972 

P188

Tomorrow the War Will End, 1972 

P189

Vietnam Tomb of Militarism, 1972 

P190

Welcome Home Soldier Boys, 1972 

P191

When the Day of Victor Comes, Our Town Will Return to Constructing a Better Country and Making it Bigger and More Beautiful- Ho Chi Minh, 1972 

P192

Where Have All the Flowers Gone?, 1972 

P193

XII Anniversary of the FNL, 1972 

P194

Cut Aid to Thieu, 1973 

P195

Day of Concerns, 1973 

P196

Determined to Be Victorious, 1973 

P197

Drill Instructor, 1973 

P198

Hill 170, 1973 

P199

La Selva de Xanu, 1973 

P200

Marine Prayer, 1973 

P201

Roof-Scape, 1973 

P202

Silent Majority, 1973 

P203

War Almost Over, 1973 

P204

Broken Treaties Vietnam/Native Americans, 1974 

P205

Independence of Cambodia, 1974 

P206

POW MIA, 1974 

P207

Solidarity With the People of Vietnam, 1974 

P208

Build and Defend the New Life, 1975 

P209

Nhung: Una Muchacha de Sigon, 1975 

P210

The War is Over, 1975 

P211

The People of Vietnam Have Won, 1976 

P212

Ho Chi Mihn, 1980 

P213

For a World of Justice and Solidarity 35th Anniversary OSPAAL, 2001 

P214

Celebrate the Great Victory of the Spring and Move Forward Inspirationally, undated 

P215

Convoy Cover, undated 

P216

Moratorium, undated 

P217

North Vietnam: Victory is Ours, undated 

P218

Rainy Landing, undated 

P219

Red Cross Nurse, undated 

P220

Secretary of Defense: John McNamara, undated 

P221

To the Men That Served, undated 

P222

Uncle Ho Says Victory, Then It Is!, undated 

P223

Unity and Success, undated 

P224

Untitled, undated 

P225

Untitled, undated 

P226

Viva Vietnam, undated 

P227

War Continues, undated 

P228

Way of Life, undated 

P229

Welcome to the New Constitution, undated 

P230

Who Love Children as Much as Uncle Ho Does? Who Loves Uncle Ho as Much as We Children Do?, undated 

P231