A Guide to the Coalition for International Justice Records

A Guide to the Coalition for International Justice Records

Summary Information

A Guide to the Coalition for International Justice Records
Coalition for International Justice.
Inclusive Dates
15.0 Linear feet
Records of the non-governmental organization, Coalition for International Justice (CIJ), which operated from 1995-2006 to support the work of international criminal tribunals and special courts investigating human rights violations in Rwanda, the former Yugoslavia, Cambodia, Sudan, East Timor, and Sierra Leone. The collection also contains documentation from a 2004 survey of over 1200 refugees from Darfur along the border of Chad and Sudan.
Call Number
Finding Aid Prepared By
Finding aid prepared by Valerie Love. (June 2011)
University of Connecticut Libraries 405 Babbidge Road Unit 1205 Storrs, Connecticut, 06269-1205 860.486.2524 archives@uconn.edu

Preferred Citation

[Item description, #:#], Coalition for International Justice Records.  Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center,  University of Connecticut Libraries.

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Access and Use

Acquisition Information

The Coalition for International Justice Records were donated in 2006.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open and available for research.

Preferred Citation

[Item description, #:#], Coalition for International Justice Records.  Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center,  University of Connecticut Libraries.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Coalition for International Justice.


  • Administrative records
  • Correspondence
  • Financial Records
  • Newspapers
  • Notes
  • Photocopies
  • Publications

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Historical Note

The Coalition for International Justice (  CIJ) was an international non-profit organization created in 1995, which provided professional legal technical assistance to the International Criminal tribunal for  Rwanda and former  Yugoslavia. In addition,  CIJ supported criminal and transactional justice initiatives for  East Timor,  Sierra Leone,  Cambodia, and  Sudan.  CIJ had offices in  Washington, D.C., and  The Hague in  The Netherlands.  CIJ originated and operated advocacy and public education campaigns, targeting decision-makers in Washington, media, and the public.  CIJ, in conjunction with other non-governmental organizations around the world, helped direct and maximize the impact of individual and collective advocacy with regard to international and hybrid tribunals. In the field,  CIJ provided practical assistance on legal, technical, and outreached matters to the tribunals and other justice initiatives.

CIJ mainly began its work with specific goals to help the new international tribunals for the former  Yugoslavia and  Rwanda to be as fair, responsible and effective as possible.  CIJ has employed public education, advocacy, legal and technical assistance, courtroom monitoring and criticism to assist all the international tribunals in their struggle to meet the ambitious goals set for them.

In 1999, CIJ expanded its mandate to assist the emerging serious crimes investigations and prosecutions process in  East Timor, efforts to establish a tribunal for  Khmer Rouge crimes in  Cambodia, and the Special Court for  Sierra Leone. At the same time they developed a sub-specialty in tracking the finances of persons accused of war crimes, issuing six detailed reports tracking money tied to the financial and political aggrandizement and protection of  Slobodan Milosevic,  Charles Taylor,  Radovan Karadzic, the Khartoum elite, and  Saddam Hussein, including the first, comprehensive expose of the U.N.’s Oil for Food program.  CIJ also produced a how-to guide on conducting money-trail investigations.

In 2004, CIJ led a team of investigators from around the world in surveying over 1200 refugees from  Darfur on the  Chad border, which led to a historic first genocide determination by  United States. Later,  CIJ was one of the leaders of an effort to ensure that support for the referral of the  Darfur case to the  ICC be pushed in the context of a larger effort to gain support for international intervention aimed at protecting the besieged civilians in  Darfur.

CIJ has played an important role in insuring that high level indicated persons are transferred to the tribunals. These efforts have occupied an immerse part of  CIJ’s resources and time, and relative success of  CIJ’s leadership on this issue is a tribute to building and supporting unusual alliances, closely following security and regional political issues and context.  CIJ was not intended to become a permanent institution. After much discussion the Board of  CIJ chose to end  CIJ’s operations on March 31, 2006.

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Scope and Content

The collection includes reports, articles, organizational documents, press releases mainly from 2001 to 2006, correspondences, country background documents, questionnaires, published materials, and newspaper clippings.

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Related Materials

Separated materials

Darfur Atrocities Documentation Project Dodd DVD167

Darfur: An Atlas of General location Dodd D2346

Protecting two million internally displaced : the successes and shortcomings of the African Union in Darfur Dodd C11034

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Administrative Records, 1995-2006 


Administrative; Board of Directors Materials 


Correspondence; Events; Fundraising 


Fundraising; Handbooks 


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Series II: Research and Advocacy Files 1995-2006 




Bosnia;  Cambodia;  Chechnya 




Darfur, Sudan; Darfur Questionnaires 


Darfur Questionnaires 


East Timor 


East Timor 


International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR); International Criminal Tribunal for  Yugoslavia (ICTY); Iraq 




Liberia;  Sierra Leone;  Serbia 


Serbia; Gender Crimes; Tribunals, general 


Tribunals, general 


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